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Ontario

Ontario contains 40 per cent of Canada's total population and is its most populous province, with a population of 12.8 million. Its residents live primarily in the southern arable lands with few populated regions in the north. It is the northernmost point of several Great Lakes and much of its southern U.S. border runs around inland waterways.

Ontario Real Estate

In 2013, the median listing price for housing in Ontario was C$408,251, up 8.6 per cent from the previous year. The Ontario Housing Market Outlook forecasts single family homes to sell at around 23,700 units in the year of 2014, up 0.9 per cent from 2013.

Geography

There are three primary geographical regions in Ontario: the Canadian Shield in the northwest and central regions with sparse population, the virtually unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands to the far north of the province, and Southern Ontario. The southwest features the Carolinian forest zone while to the southeast the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forest ecoregion is now home to agriculture and development. The total area of Ontario is over 1.07 million square kilometres.

Climate

The air coming into Ontario ranges from dry Arctic air from the north, Pacific air crossing the western prairies, and warmer, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. The Great Lakes keep summers and winters mild in surrounding areas. Southern Ontario is prone to thunderstorms during the summers, while Lakes Huron and Superior can subject nearby regions to lake-effect snow squalls that increase the amount of snowfall to upwards of three metres.

Demographics

Ontario has a population of 12,851,821 and a population density of 14.1 people per square kilometre. The largest age group is 35-44 years, while the median age is 30.3 years. The population breakdown is 75.4 per cent White, 27.3 per cent Visible Minority, and 2.5 per cent Aboriginal, while the top four self-identified ethnic groups are English (24.7 per cent), Canadian (23 per cent), Scottish (17.5 per cent), and Irish (16.5 per cent).

Main Attractions

Ontario is home to Ripley's Aquarium of Canada. The 1000 Islands Skydeck provides visitors with a panoramic view of the surrounding thousand islands, while Black Creek Pioneer Village takes a more historic approach with homes and workshops recreated from nineteenth-century Canada. The Royal Ontario Museum houses over 6 million artifacts representing art, archeology, science, and nature. Across the harbor from Toronto is turn-of-the-century themed Centreville Amusement Park, covering over 600 acres of parkland with 30 attractions and rides.

Economy

The province of Ontario had a GDP of C$674,485 million in the year 2012. It is the leading manufacturing province, trading primarily with the U.S. state of Michigan. It makes uses of its many rivers for hydroelectric energy, and Ontario Power Generation produces 70 per cent of provincial energy with nuclear energy, hydroelectricity, and only ten per cent fossil fuels. Its capital city Toronto is an important financial and banking hub for both the province and for all of Canada.